Taking your eyes for granted can be a dangerous error in judgment. The human eye is an extremely complex and delicate set of organs and can be easily damaged by injury or disease. Once lost vision is often impossible to restore. The best defense against eye problems is an annual comprehensive eye examination. Eye care in Rahway through our Eyes On You practice can not only prescribe any necessary vision corrections for the eyes but also detect current and developing eye diseases while they are still in the early stage when treatment is less invasive and more effective. Many of the most serious eye diseases develop without any symptoms and can only be detected early by an annual eye examination.
One such eye disease is glaucoma. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the US. It is not just one single disease but a group of eye disorders that result in damage to the optic nerve that sends images to the brain. In most cases glaucoma is caused by abnormally high intraocular pressure, which is often associated with the accumulation of the eye’s naturally produced fluid. The disease progresses so slowly that victims usually do not notice the gradual loss of vision until the disease has reached an advanced stage. The most common type of glaucoma is primary open-angle glaucoma. While glaucoma can strike at any age it is more prevalent among older people. To test for glaucoma during the annual dilated examination our eye care in Rahway doctors will measure the tonometry or pressure in the eye; inspect the eye’s drainage angle as well as the optic nerve. They will also test your peripheral vision. Glaucoma can be treated in a variety of ways. Our doctor may use eye drops to reduce the pressure and the amount of accumulated fluid, or prescribe oral medications that do the same types of things. A combination or drops and pills are sometimes used. If these treatments are not effective our doctors will work with the patient’s ophthalmologist who may perform laser surgery or traditional surgery to change the angle of the eye’s drain.
Another serious eye disease that is diagnosed by our eye care in Rahway doctor is diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when the tiny blood vessels in the retina become weaker and small bulges called microaneurysms occur and often burst causing blood spots to appear in the field of vision. This affect may not show up for years after the person is diagnosed with diabetes. As the condition worsens fluid and protein leaks from the damaged blood vessels and cause the retina to swell. This can cause mild to severe vision loss depending on which part of the retina is affected. If the center or macula is affected the vision loss is more severe. An ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp test allows our doctor to examine the back of the eye and other structures to detect clouding or changes in the retina. Our practice uses gonioscopy to determine if the drainage angle, the areas that drain fluid out of the eye are open or closed. Laser surgery is often used to stop leakage and to regain proper drainage flow in the eye. Please make an appointment for a comprehensive eye exam to check for these and other serious eye diseases.